Desk। Gandhi Jayanti 2023: 2 October, The day is observed to pay homage to freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the sake of the motherland. “Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) is also known as “Bapu” or “Rashtrpita” and “The Father of Nation”.
The ideals of Mahatma Gandhi were Ahimsa (non-violence) and Satya which is truth. He not only contributed to India’s freedom struggle but also inspired people across the world and raise their voices against the discrimination of caste, colour, and religion.
He was a simple man with vast ideas and he always gave a message to others “Be the change you wish to see in this world”.”
Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He pursued law for one year at the University of Bombay and later went to University College London and completed his graduation in 1891. After that, he started working in the Bar Council of England. And also went to South Africa, where he experienced racism.
Know 20 interesting facts about Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of the masses.
1. Mahatma Gandhi’s mother tongue was Gujarati.
2. He did his schooling at Alfred High School located in Rajkot.
3. His birthday (2nd October) is commemorated worldwide as International Day of Nonviolence.
4. He was the youngest child of his parents and he had 2 brothers and 1 sister.
5. Gandhi’s father was Hindu by religion and Modh Baniya by caste.
6. Mahadev Desai was Gandhi Ji’s secretary.
7. Gandhi Ji was assassinated in the garden of the former Birla House.
8. Gandhi Ji and famous author Leo Tolstoy talk and interact with each other through letters.
9. Gandhi Ji set up a small colony, Tolstoy Farm at an 1100 acre site, 21 miles from Johannesburg, South Africa for his colleagues in the Satyagraha struggle.
10. In 1930, he led the Dandi Salt March, and in 1942, he launched the Quit India Movement during the Indian freedom struggle.
11. He not only fought for Independence but also demanded fair treatment for the untouchables also lower caste, and did several fasts in support of them. He also called untouchables Harijans meaning “children of the God”.
12. Gandhi Ji in 1982 is an epic historical drama film based on Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi won the Academic Award for Best Motion Picture.
13. In 1930, he was the Time Magazine Man of the Year also He was a great writer and the Collected Works of Mahatma Gandhi have 50,000 pages.
14. Do you know how many times Mahatma Gandhi was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize?
Gandhi ji was nominated in 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947, and, finally a few days before he was murdered on 30th January 1948.
15. The country against whom he fought for India’s Independence, Great Britain, released a stamp honouring him after the 21 years of his death.
16. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was not born with the title Mahatma but He was given the title to him by the Nobel Prize-winning Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore.
17. It is said that Mahatma Gandhi’s funeral procession was 8KM lo8 km
18. The Reserve Bank of India issued The Gandhi series banknotes by displaying a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi in 1996. The series which was issued in 1996 is of 10 and 500 rupee banknotes.
19. In 1959, the Gandhi Memorial Museum was established which is located in the city of Madurai in Tamil Nadu, India.
It is also known as the Gandhi Museum which consists of a blood-stained garment that was wornthe Mahatma Gandhi when he was assassinated by the Nathuram Godse.